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Lower risk guidelines / Ways of Consumption 

Ways to Consume Cannabis: What is currently legal and illegal for purchase in Canada?  

Page References:

Fresh or Dried Herbal Material

Legal in Canada


Fresh and dried materials are made from the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. They can contain up to 30% THC and can be ingested through smoking or vaping methods. Cannabis plans may be legally purchased as fresh, dried, full plants, or plant seeds.

Cannabis Oil

Legal in Canada


Cannabis oils are made from plant extracts dissolved in oil. Cannabis oils contain up to 3% THC and can be used directly (consumption) or to make other products such as topical creams, or capsules.

Concentrated Cannabis Extracts (hash, vape oils, dabs, shatter)

Legal in Canada


Concentrated cannabis extracts are products which have been processed to contain greater amounts of cannabinoids while removing plant material and other impurities. Depending on the product, they may contain up to 99% THC whereas others may be mostly CBD with very little THC.


Legal in Canada


Edibles consist of foods or drinks that contain extracts of cannabis. Examples include cannabis-infused teas, soft drinks, candies, and baked goods. Depending on the amount of extract added, THC quantities will vary. Edibles have longer lasting effects that are often unpredictable.


Legal in Canada


Tinctures or sprays consist of cannabis extracts dissolved in solvents such as alcohol. Depending on the amount of extract added, THC quantities will vary. 

Topicals (creams/salves/liniments)

Legal in Canada

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Creams/Salves/Liniments consist of cannabis extracts often prepared with alcohol, oil, or wax. They are used topically (skin application). They are used only for medicinal purposes as there is no "high." Depending on the amount of extract added, THC quantities will vary.

Page References:


  1. Government of Canada. (2019). About Cannabis. Retrieved from

  2. Rahn, B. (2014). Ingest or inhale? 5 differences between cannabis edibles and flowers. Leafy. Retrieved from

  3. Williams, K. (n.d.). The different ways to smoke and consume cannabis. Leafy. Retrieved from

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